Severe diarrhea is an uncomfortable condition that lasts for more than two weeks. It is also known as constant diarrhea and this condition can be experienced by individuals of all ages. While chronic diarrhea is not usually fatal for healthy people; however, it can threaten the life of patients who have a weak immune system. Therefore, it is necessary to get a deeper knowledge about the extreme diarrhea causes in order to prevent it, whether the condition is caused by an infection or not.
What are the causes of chronic diarrhea?
According to health care experts, infections that cause the condition are usually the result of viruses, parasites, and bacteria. Parasites enter the person’s body after he consumed contaminated food and water. Experts say that the most common causes of the condition are bacteria such as salmonella and E. coli. In addition, viruses that cause chronic diarrhea are herpes, rotavirus, and viral hepatitis.
Other causes of chronic diarrhea are medications (antibiotics) and food allergies (lactose intolerance). There are diseases such as HIV/AIDS that may trigger the condition. In some cases, it may be difficult to have an accurate diagnosis due to its unknown cause.
Health care providers usually perform physical examination and order tests to determine the cause of chronic diarrhea. These tests will allow them to examine blood and stool cultures for parasites and bacteria, and other types of illness that could be the cause.
How to treat the condition?
Generally, the treatment will depend on the cause of chronic diarrhea. Physicians prescribe antibiotics if the patient suffers from bacterial infection. On the other hand, other medication may be necessary, as well as change in the diet and surgery. It is very important to work with your health care provider to get the proper medical care. Keep in mind that you need to stay hydrated, prevent alcoholic beverages, and maintain a balanced diet.