Usually, diarrhea that lasts only one to two days; however, if it lasts at least four weeks, it is considered as chronic diarrhea. This condition may be related to a malabsorption disorder. It is a functional disorder similar to irritable bowel syndrome or an intestinal disease like Crohn’s. The condition has various symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea or loss of bowel control. These symptoms may lead to more serious conditions, including electrolyte imbalances, metabolic acidosis, dehydration, and nutrient deficiencies. As a result, nutrition management plays a big role in treating diarrhea.
According to healthcare experts, there are various reasons why this condition may occur. It may be due to medications or infections. The level to which nutritional changes help will depend upon the cause and severity of the condition.
Here are some helpful tips that will help you to control diarrhea:
- People vary in their tolerance to various foods. It is best to avoid foods that can cause diarrhea, gas and stomach cramps. Foods that may produce gas are beer, beans, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, carbonated drinks, chewing gum and spicy foods.
- To prevent dehydration, you should replace fluid and minerals with liquids such as water, soup, sports drink, fruit juices, and popsicles.
- When you have diarrhea, your Potassium may be lost in large amounts. Therefore, you should eat some foods that are high in potassium, such as ripe bananas, potatoes, apricot or peach nectar, fish and meat.
- You should eat small amounts of food and do not forget to drink fluids between meals.
- Avoid eating fatty foods such as sauces, gravies and salad dressings, fried foods, and spicy foods because they can worsen your condition.
- Eat well-cooked, tender meats, lamb, liver and pork as well as fish, crisp bacon chicken, and smooth peanut butter.
- Avoid milk or juices that have a laxative effect such as prunes.